Lord Parshuram- How he brought Gowda Saraswat Brahmins into existence?
Lord Parshuram is considered as the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Due to the injustice done to his father and mother by the Kshatriyas, he promised that he will ruin the entire Kshatriya clan from the face of earth. He sought revenge. He decide to do a huge Yagna to purify this earth from all sort of evil.
During the same age, river Saraswati was hit by a calamity. The entire region was a victim of drought. For years together, this land was flourishing. The Brahmins that resided on the banks of this river had to leave their Tapasya and study of Vedas, which they usually practiced, and had to turn to agriculture. They roamed in the forests for more flourished and cultivable land. The entire civilization thus left their penance and worked for a livelihood.
This went on for a lot of years. When Saraswati restored her waters again, the Brahmins, delighted, thought they can go back to their Ved studies. But they had been so engrossed in tilling and planting that the entire clan forgot everything they had memorized about the Vedas.
They thus, decided to do Tapasya to impress the Vedas and the gods. For years together, the entire Brahmin clan sat together for the Tapasya. Finally, Devi Saraswati appeared in front of them and adviced to listen closely. She said they will have to follow the voice. Thus, they will be able to find the solution for their problems. They did as she said. Soon they could hear chants of Vedas from far. They followed the voice and found a child reciting the Vedas. Devi Saraswati appeared and said, this child will teach them all the Vedas again. The Brahmins got offended on knowing that they will have to learn from a child now.
She thus declares that he is actually Saraswat, her son, who grew up to become Saraswat Muni. When the calamity happened she realised that the Brahmins will lose the knowledge of Vedas. Saraswat was born to fulfill the purpose of keeping Ved alive. Because no vegetables and grains were available, Saraswati had to feed him fish to keep him alive. After listening to the story, the clan bowed in front of him and agreed to learn Ved from him. They, thus came to be known as SARASWAT BRAHMINS. The reason why Sarawats have fish eating habit is because of this history.
At the same time in the western India Parshuram decided to do a Yagna and needed the purest for land for the purpose. He walked southwards in India but did not find an appropriate place. Therefore, he climbed the Sahyadris. Prayed to Indra Dev and Varun Dev to pull his sea back. Parshuram said he will throw his axes as far as possible in the sea and where it lands the sea has to go back till the demarcation. The gods agreed and stepped back. Parshuram wanted to make this place the most beautiful place in the world. The place is now called KONKAN, the western coast of India, that stretches from Maharashtra, runs across Goa and Karnataka and ends at Kerela.
Now he wanted Brahmins to live in this place. But there weren’t any in south. He travels till Saraswati river where he finds a clan of Brahmins chanting mantras. He invites them to live in Konkan as it is a flourished land and they were living in hostile conditions currently. They agreed and traveled with him to the west coast. This is how Saraswats first migrated from North to West in India. They settled in the Agrahars, a civilisation in west. They use coconut, tamarind etc in their food and eat fish. Cashews and coffee are also of prime importance to them.
Later in the furture, they followed a Guru named Gowdi or Gowda and thus they were named as GOWDA SARASWAT BRAHMINS or the G.S.Bs.
G.S.Bs have migrated all over India over a period of time but they basically belonged to North India and have fair complexion unlike other south Indians. I am sure there is more to the history but this is all I know and find it interesting. Hope you had a good time reading the same.